REFUGEES TO REMEMBER
THOSE WHO FORGET THE PAST ARE CONDEMNED TO REPEAT IT
|What is a refugee
|TYPES OF REFUGEE|
|REFUGEES TO REMEMBER|
|Homosexual Martyrs of Iran
| A Nation in Exile -- the Palestinians
|War for Political Reasons - Iraq||Hate and too many people Rwanda
|Persecution for persecutions sake. The Bahais of Iran|
|UN Declaration Human Rights|
|International Criminal Court|
|International Court of Justice in The Hague|
|Early Warning Systems
|The Bahai faith
What is a refugee?
A refugee is a person who is outside their home country because
they have suffered (or feared) persecution on account of
race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or because they are a member of a persecuted social category of persons or because they are fleeing a war.
Such a person may be called an 'asylum seeker'â€‹ until recognized by the state where they make a claim.
To these refugees we will also include Economic refugees -- people who are escaping crushing poverty, and refugees from environmental disasters.
GENEVA, June 20 (UNHCR) â€“ The UN refugee agency reported today on World Refugee Day that the number of refugees,
asylum-seekers and internally displaced people worldwide has, for the first time in the post-World War II era, exceeded
50 million people.
Refugees fall into the following categories:
Who is a Refugee?
People who are forced to flee their homes due to persecution, whether on an individual basis or as part of a mass exodus due to political, religious, military or other problems, are known as refugees. The definition of a refugee has varied according to time and place, but increased international concern for the plight of refugees has lead to a general consensus. As defined in the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (the Refugee Convention), a refugee is defined as a person who
"owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country or return there because there is a fear of persecution..."
While the definition in the Refugee Convention has been used by international organizations such as the United Nations, the term continues to be misunderstood and is often used inconsistently in every day language. Media stories, for example, often confuse refugees with people migrating for economic reasons ("economic migrants") and persecuted groups who remain within their own country and donâ€™t cross an international border ("internally displaced persons").
The reasons for persecution must be because of one of the five grounds listed in article 1 A(2) of the Refugee Convention: race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. Persecution based on any other ground will not be considered.
Race is used in the broadest sense and includes ethnic groups and social groups of common descent.
Religion also has a broad meaning, including identification with a group that tends to share common traditions or beliefs, as well as the active practice of religion.
Nationality includes an individualâ€™s citizenship. Persecution of ethnic, linguistic and cultural groups within a population also may be termed persecution based on nationality.
A particular social group refers to people who share a similar background, habits or social status. This category often overlaps with persecution based on one of the other four grounds. It has applied to families of capitalists, landowners, homosexuals, entrepreneurs and former members of the military.
Political opinion refers to ideas not tolerated by the authorities, including opinions critical of government policies and methods. It includes opinions attributed to individuals (i.e., the authorities think a person has a certain political opinion) even if the individual does not in fact hold that opinion. Individuals who conceal their political opinions until after they have fled their countries may qualify for refugee status if they can show that their views are likely to subject them to persecution if they return home.
The number of refugees worldwide exceeds 50 million. With the current rate of population increase this rate will only increase.
The organisations that assist refugees are:
Some good links:
Refugee Welcome Trust
The International Red Cross
People who are forced to leave their homes for reasons of Political Religious Ethnic or Cultural Persecution.
Bahais of Iran, 40 years of persecution, one of many minority groups persecuted unjustly because of their identity.
With the spread of modernity and prosperity, the occurance of persecution for reasons of politics, religion, race or culture is lessening.
Persecution of homosexuals.
The democratically elected ex-Egyption president Morsi. He was thrown ot of power and put in prison in a coup by the Egyption military.
Over 1000 Islamists in Egypt have been put in prison. The fact that morsi and his supporters are medieval in culture and outlook should have no bearing on their civil rights as human beings. "They dont know how to run a democracy"
Amnesty International | Working to Protect Human Rights
At war time, people are killed in large numbers and so extra consideration must be given to refugees fleeing war.
Most of the worlds 50 million refugees are war refugees.
Special conventions have been enacted to offer protection to refugees fleeing war.
1949 Geneva Convention
1951 Convention on the rights of refugees
REFUGEES FROM THE WAR IN SYRIA
Since the start of the war in Syria in early 2011, the number of people fleeing the country has swelled to more than 3 million â€“ half of them children.
REFUGEES FROM THE WAR IN CONGO
Some 200,000 refugees have fled violence in the Congo since 2009.
International Committee of the red cross
War & Law | International Committee of the Red Cross
Refugees from Environmental disasters
Ecological refugees are expected to make up an increasing percentage of overall refugees in the coming decades as predicted climate change related disasters will displace millions of people.
Environmental migrant refers to people who are forced to migrate from or flee their home region due to sudden or long-term changes to their local environment which compromise their well being or secure livelihood, such changes are held to include increased droughts, desertification, sea level rise, and disruption of seasonal weather patterns such as monsoons. Environmental migrants may flee to or migrate to another country or they may migrate internally within their own country.
Because of global warming the pacific islands are slowly going under the water. their people are all being replanted in australia. this is possible because of the small population of people who live in these countries. If the same thing happened to a country with a large population -- for example Bangladesh, resettlement would not be possible.
Some Interesting Links
Who are climate refugees
People who flee crushing Poverty.
These figures are indicative of crushing and deep poverty. For Example:
Forty percent of the people in Haiti lack access to clean water and only one in five have access to a sanitary toilet.
The infant mortality rate in Afghanistan is 121 deaths per 1000 births
923 million undernourished people on the planet.
With the population explosion in the southern side of the globe, the number of economic refugees can only increase.
Some interesting Links
Driven out of their own homes -- the story of the Palestinians.
The largest stateless refugee population in the world is that of Palestine, whos inhabitants were driven out by european fascists in the year 1948.
millions of lives destroyed, and 70 years of war, is the result.
The main reason for the continuation of the war has been military sponsorship of the fascists by the US government.
A very tragic story.
Palestinian Refugee Camps
War for Political Reasons - Iraq
The US team which planned the invasion of Saddam Husseins Iraqwas the same team that was sponsoring him in the 80s. war for political reasons.
In the photo it is Donald Rumsfeld Shaking hands with Saddam Hussein. This took place in the early 80s. Donald Rumsfeld was the had of the US Iraqi war effort. This very rich criminal should be in prison.
This war, like all the others, should never have taken place.
These murderers should be in prison. Lots of dead people.
CNN - The Iraqi war was fought for big oil
The Guardian - Why Bush went to war
Bahais of Iran
Persecution for persecutions sake. Bahais of Iran
The Bahai community of Iran has been persecuted consistently and continuously by the government of iran for the past 35 years. Bahais of Iran live in difficulty, outside the protection of the law.
The medieval government of Islamic Iran has subjected the Bahais of Iran to 35 years of what can be called "Cultural Genocide".
Bahais are not allowed to go to school, to go to university, to start businesses, to practice their religion.
Situation of Bahais of Iran
Iran Human Rights Center
It has the same protein content as meat. It tastes similar to chicken.
It takes 4 kg of soya to create 1 kg of beef.
soya is good. In an overpopulated world with food price inflation and food riots, soya mince is a good idea.
What is Soya
The Ecological benefits of eating Soya
International Criminal Court
Set up in the year 1998, this court should have been set up in the year 1950.
They have already taken military criminals from small 3rd world countries to court. Once they take military criminals from the large armies (US, Israel, Brittish armies) it will be a success. "History is written by the victors" so far only military criminals from the losing side of conflicts have ended up in this court. Once military criminals from the winning side end up here it will be a success for us all.
The first arrest warrants were made in the year 2005.
International Criminal Court Home Page
Washington Post Article
There are 50 million fewer hungry people in the world, mainly because of the elimination of hunger in the Peoples republic of China.
one of the main reasons for this is was the successfull implementation of a one child policy of the communist government of the Chinese republic.
There are 300 million fewer births because of this, and the standard of living in China has risen massively, partially as a result of this program.
The one child police means not only is environmental crisis delayed, but the parental generation can actually afford to give their children a more decent standard of living.
This program has been carried out less successfully in other countries. As a result there is runaway population explosion in the rest of the southern part of the globe.
Parts of the world will near environmental collapse within the next 20 years. Too many people on too little land.
World population is increasing by 70 million per year. The result is poverty, ecological degradation, and massive migration of human beings.
Population Explosion in Egypt
LA Times Article on the population explosion
Without Birth Control, Planet doomed
Success - in slowing down the population explosion - Thailand
Successes - Chinas One Child Policy
The US population, forming 5% of the worlds population, creates 30% of the worlds CO2 output.
If an ecological collapse takes place, the american and european love affair with the gas-hungry automobile is one of the main reasons.
Recycling - even toilet waste can be recycled -- makes excellent fertiliser
With a dedicated government leadership, a modern city can be turned non-polluting within 1 year.
Early Warning Systems
Increased use of early warning systems on conflict and other problems is a good idea.
The Continental Early Warning System (CEWS) - set up by African governments after the Rwanda Holocaust, is one example.
The Atlanta center for disease control, which monitors pandemics and epidemics, is another.
US Centers for Disease Control
Global Information system on food stocks