A CHORUS LINE
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A Chorus Line is a 1985 musical film directed by Richard Attenborough.
It stars Michael Douglasand the screenplay is by Arnold Schulman. It is based on the Tony Award-winning book of the 1975 stage production of the same name by James Kirkwood, Jr.
The songs were composed by Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban. The film is called Chorus Line in the UK and several other countries.
As the film unfolds, the backstory of each of the dancers is revealed. Some are funny, some ironic, some heartbreaking. No matter what their background, however, they all have one thing in common - a passion for dance.
The dancing can only be described as awesome.
The Alien film franchise (also known as Aliens) is a science fiction horror film series consisting of four installments, focusing on Lieutenant Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver) and her battles with an extraterrestrial lifeform, commonly referred to as "the Alien". Produced by 20th Century Fox, the series started with Alien (1979), which led to three movie sequels, as well as numerous books, comics and video game spin-offs.
On its way back to Earth, the US commercial starship Nostromo is diverted to a desolate planetoid after receiving a cryptic signal from a derelict alien spacecraft. While exploring the alien ship, one of the Nostromo 's crewmen discovers the remains of the ship's pilot and also a large chamber that contains thousands of egg-like objects. One of the eggs releases a creature that attaches itself to his face and renders him unconscious. They break quarantine to bring him back aboard the ship, the parasite dies and the host wakes up, seemingly fine. Soon afterwards, an alien organism bursts out of his chest and grows extremely rapidly into a terrifying eight-foot tall creature, and starts killing off the crew one by one.
After 57 years in hypersleep, the sole survivor of the Nostromo, Lieutenant Ellen Ripley, awakens aboard a medical space station orbiting Earth. Her story of the Alien terror she encountered is disbelieved and she learns that the planetoid from the first movie (now designated as LV-426) is now home to a terraforming colony. When contact with the colony is lost, Ripley accompanies a squad of high-tech Elite Colonial Marines aboard the spaceship Sulaco to investigate. Once there, they discover the colonists have been wiped out after they had found the derelict alien ship (and its deadly cargo) from the first film.
Alien 3 (1992)
Due to a fire aboard the Sulaco, an escape pod carrying the survivors of the second film is automatically jettisoned. It crash-lands on the refinery/prison planet Fiorina "Fury" 161, but Ripley is the only one to survive the crash. Unbeknownst to her, an alien facehugger parasite was also aboard the ship. Before long, a full-sized Alien is then loose in the prison, killing the inmates one by one. Ripley also discovers there is an Alien queen growing inside her, and must not only kill the rampaging Alien but also herself in order to save humanity.
Alien Resurrection (1997)
Two hundred years after the events of the previous film, Ellen Ripley (and the Alien queen she was carrying) are cloned. The Alien queen is surgically removed from her body as the United Systems Military hopes to breed Aliens to study on the spaceship USM Auriga, using human hosts kidnapped and delivered to them by a group of mercenaries. The Aliens escape their enclosures, while Ripley 8 (a clone who contains some Alien DNA herself) and the mercenaries attempt to escape and destroy the Auriga before it reaches its destination, Earth.
Basic Instinct is a 1992 American neo-noir erotic thriller film directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Joe Eszterhas, and starring Michael Douglas and Sharon Stone. The film is about a police detective, Nick Curran (Douglas), who is investigating the brutal murder of a wealthy rock star. During the investigation Curran becomes involved in a torrid and intense relationship with the prime suspect, Catherine Tramell (Stone), an enigmatic writer.
Even before its release, Basic Instinct generated heated controversy due to its overt sexuality and graphic depiction of violence. It was strongly opposed by gay rights activists, who criticized the film's depiction of homosexual relationships and the portrayal of a bisexual woman as a murderous narcissistic psychopath.
Despite initial critical negativity and public protest, Basic Instinct became one of the most financially successful films of the 1990s, grossing $352 million worldwide. Multiple versions of the film have been released on videocassette, DVD, and Blu-ray including a director's cut with extended footage previously unseen in North American cinemas. The film has also contemporarily been recognized for its groundbreaking depictions of sexuality in mainstream Hollywood cinema, and has been referred to by scholars as "a neo-noir masterpiece that plays with, and transgresses, the narrative rules of film noir." A 2006 sequel starring Stone but without Verhoeven's involvement, Basic Instinct 2, was critically panned and became a commercial flop.
BLADE RUNNER, BASED ON THE NOVEL "DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP?" BY SCIENCE FICTION MASTER PHILIP K. DICK, IS A HAUNTING LOOK AT REALITY, MEMORY AND MORTALITY SET AGAINST THE DYSTOPIAN FUTURE OF LOS ANGELES, 2019.
RICK DECKARD (HARRISON FORD) IS A FORMER "BLADE RUNNER" CALLED OUT OF RETIREMENT TO HUNT AND KILL FOUR "REPLICANTS" LED BY ROY BATTY (RUTGER HAUER). THESE GENETICALLY ALTERED HUMANS WITH SUPERIOR STRENGTH AND INTELLECTS HAVE RETURNED TO EARTH ON A KILLING SPREE, DETERMINED TO MEET THEIR MAKER, DR. ELDON TYRELL (JOE TURKEL). DECKARD'S INVESTIGATION LEADS ACROSS THE GLITTERING HEIGHTS AND DISINTEGRATING DEPTHS OF RIDLEY SCOTT'S FANTASTICALLY IMAGINED METROPOLIS; ONE FILLED WITH PYRAMIDS, ENORMOUS NEON BILLBOARDS AND SPINNER CARS AMID UNIMAGINABLE OVERCROWDING AND A CONSTANT DELUGE OF ACID RAIN.
BEFORE HIS SEARCH IS OVER, DECKARD WILL FIND HIMSELF FALLING IN LOVE WITH RACHAEL (SEAN YOUNG), TYRELL'S BEAUTIFUL, MYSTERIOUS ASSISTANT. HE WILL ALSO FACE OFF AGAINST BATTY IN BRUTAL HAND-TO-HAND COMBAT. BUT DECKARD'S MOST TROUBLING FIND WILL BE THE SUSPICION THAT HE JUST MIGHT BE A REPLICANT HIMSELF.
Jagged Edge is a 1985 film starring Glenn Close, Jeff Bridges, and Peter Coyote. Robert Loggia received an Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his role in this film. It is a courtroom thriller, written by Joe Eszterhas and directed by Richard Marquand
An intruder in a black mask and clothing ties up San Francisco socialite Paige Forrester at her remote beach house and kills her with a hunting knife with a jagged edge. He writes the word "Bitch" on the wall with her blood. Her husband Jack (Bridges) later recovers in a clinic with a bloody head wound, claiming to have been knocked unconscious and awoken to find Paige's body. After her funeral, he is arrested for her murder by DA Thomas Krasny, based on evidence that includes a witness at a club who saw a hunting knife in Jack's locker; medical suggestion that Jack's head wound was self-inflicted; Jack's fingerprints being at the crime scene with Paige's; and Jack inheriting all of Paige's corporate and personal assets in the event of her death. Forrester tries to hire high-profile lawyer Teddy Barnes to defend him after hearing of her high success rate. Barnes, however, used to work for Krasny, and is reluctant to take the case as she stopped working in criminal law after an incident with him.
Krasny runs into Barnes. He tells her that "Henry Styles hanged himself in his cell," which distresses her. Barnes visits Sam Ransom (Loggia), a private detective who used to work for Krasny's office, as well. He stopped private investigations at the same time that Barnes left Krasny's office, and it becomes clear that the Styles case was the reason. Barnes decides to take the case on the condition that Jack does not lie to her. Test results from a polygraph test that Forrester took are positive.
While preparing for the trial, Barnes and Forrester spend a great deal of time together, and eventually end up having sex. Ransom warns Barnes that Forrester is just trying to make her care more about his case. Barnes replies that she is aware of that. Her office then begins receiving anonymous typed letters that mention things about the case, especially that Forrester is innocent. All of the letter t's are slightly raised, and analysis determines that they were written on a 1942 Corona typewriter.
In a pre-trial meeting, Barnes tells the judge that Krasny has a history of not meeting his discovery obligations. The prosecution's case relies mainly on circumstantial evidence. A jilted woman claimed that Paige told her she was divorcing Jack, but Barnes discredits her with evidence, including a love letter, that her advances had been rejected by Jack, causing Paige to cut off all communication with her.
Krasny calls a witness who had an affair with Forrester. The details of her relationship with Forrester are eerily similar to the way he seduced Barnes. Krasny also interviews a man named Bobby Slade who claims he had an affair with Paige around the same time Forrester had an affair. Barnes threatens to drop the case. She agrees to proceed because of a sense of duty, but she now believes that Forrester is guilty. Barnes also questions Bobby Slade about his affair with Paige, and becomes slightly suspicious of him being guilty, especially after he begins making angry remarks at her and follows her to her car. Barnes then questions another member of the club who claims that he had a hunting knife in his locker, numbered 222, while Jack's is numbered 122. When shown in court, the member says that it is his, although the club witness says it is not the knife he saw, considering it is scratched up and the handle is worn.
Another note arrives at her office saying, "He is innocent. Santa Cruz. January 21, 1984. Ask Julie Jensen." Barnes interviews Jensen, who testifies at the trial that she was attacked in the same manner as Paige Forrester. All the details match, but she says her attacker seemed to stop himself from killing her. As Krasny objects that the attack on Jensen is unrelated to the one on Forrester, he lets slip that his office had investigated the attack and not revealed it in discovery. In chambers, the judge threatens to have Krasny disbarred. Barnes once again believes Forrester is innocent. Krasny insists that Forrester staged the earlier attack in order to create an alibi of sorts for Paige's murder, which he had planned for eighteen months. Krasny also insists that Forrester has been sending Barnes the anonymous notes.
After Forrester is found not guilty, Barnes announces to the media that she left Krasny's office over the Henry Styles case, where Krasny suppressed evidence that proved Styles was innocent. Krasny walks off in disgust.
Barnes goes over to Forrester's house to celebrate, and they have sex again. In the morning, she discovers a Corona typewriter in his closet. She tests it, and the "t" is raised just as it was in the anonymous notes. She throws clothing over the typewriter and flees with it, pretending to Forrester that her little boy is sick.
When Forrester calls Barnes to ask about her child, she tells him that she found the typewriter. Forrester seems confused to Barnes and tells her he is coming over. Barnes calls Ransom, breathless with fear and on the brink of telling him that Forrester is a killer, but instead insists that everything is all right and hangs up, while learning that Bobby Slade has a warrant issued for him. The killer dressed in black breaks in and confronts Barnes in her bedroom. As he starts to attack, Barnes throws back the covers to reveal her gun. She shoots him multiple times until he falls to the floor, dead. Ransom comes in and unmasks the attacker: it is Forrester (who has a look of dismay frozen on his face).
The Mission: Impossible films are a series of action spy films based on the television series of the same name, produced by and starring Tom Cruise as IMF agent Ethan Hunt. The series is the 16th highest grossing film series of all time with over $2 billion worth of worldwide gross.
Released in 1996. Ethan Hunt is framed for the murder of his fellow IMF agents during a Prague Embassy mission gone wrong and wrongly accused of selling government secrets to a mysterious international criminal known only as "Max".
Mission: Impossible II
Released in 2000. Ethan Hunt sends Nyah Nordoff-Hall undercover to stop an ex-IMF agent's mad scheme to steal a deadly virus and sell the antidote to the highest bidder.
Mission: Impossible III
Released in 2006. Ethan Hunt, retired from being an IMF team leader and engaged to be married, assembles a team to face a ruthless arms and information broker intending to sell a mysterious dangerous object known as "The Rabbit's Foot".
Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol
Released in 2011. Ethan Hunt, as well as the entire IMF are placed with the blame of the bombing of the Kremlin. He and three others must stop a man bent on starting a global nuclear war.
Mission: Impossible 5
A fifth Mission: Impossible film will be directed by Christopher McQuarrie and Drew Pearce will be writing the film. Paramount Pictures and Skydance Productions have signed a deal with Tom Cruise to reprise the role of Ethan Hunt and produce. Jeremy Renner is reported to return as William Brandt. On November 13, 2013, a release date of December 2015 was announced. In November 2013, Simon Pegg confirmed that he will reprise his role as Benji. In May 2014, Will Staples was announced as working on the script for the fifth film. Cruise confirmed the fifth installment of the film will shoot in London. In June, Renner confirmed he'll return for the fifth installment. The film will be shot in Vienna in August before heading to the UK.
In July 2014, Rebecca Ferguson was cast and Alec Baldwin was in talks for the fifth film.
In August 2014, it was confirmed that Ving Rhames, who played Luther Stickell in the first four films, will return for the fifth film.
Filming for the fifth film of the series began in August 2014. On August 21, 2014, the first photos from the set in Vienna, Austria were released.
Psycho is a 1960 American horror-thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Anthony Perkins, Vera Miles, John Gavin, and Janet Leigh. The screenplay is by Joseph Stefano, based on the 1959 novel of the same name by Robert Bloch loosely inspired by the crimes of Wisconsin murderer and grave robber Ed Gein.
The film centers on the encounter between a secretary, Marion Crane (Leigh), who ends up at a secluded motel after embezzling money from her employer, and the motel's disturbed owner-manager, Norman Bates (Perkins), and its aftermath. When originally made, the film was seen as a departure from Hitchcock's previous film North by Northwest, having been filmed on a low budget, with a television crew and in black and white. Psycho initially received mixed reviews, but outstanding box office returns prompted reconsideration which led to overwhelming critical acclaim and four Academy Award nominations, including Best Supporting Actress for Leigh and Best Director for Hitchcock.
It is now considered one of Hitchcock's best films and praised as a work of cinematic art by international film critics and film scholars. Ranked among the greatest films of all time, it set a new level of acceptability for violence, deviant behavior and sexuality in American films. After Hitchcock's death in 1980, Universal Studios began producing follow-ups: three sequels, a remake, a television film spin-off, and a TV series.
In 1992, the US Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera franchise centered on a film series created by George Lucas. The film series, consisting of two trilogies (and an upcoming third), has spawned an extensive media franchise called the Expanded Universe including books, television series, computer and video games, and comic books. These supplements to the franchise resulted in significant development of the series' fictional universe, keeping the franchise active in the 16-year interim between the two film trilogies. The franchise depicts a galaxy described as far, far away in the distant past, and it commonly portrays Jedi as a representation of good, in conflict with the Sith, their evil counterpart. Their weapon of choice, the lightsaber, is commonly recognized in popular culture. The franchise's storylines contain many themes, with strong influences from philosophy and religion.
The first film in the series was originally released on May 25, 1977, under the title Star Wars, by 20th Century Fox, and became a worldwide pop culture phenomenon, followed by two sequels, released at three-year intervals. Sixteen years after the release of the trilogy's final film, the first in a new prequel trilogy of films was released. The three prequel films were also released at three-year intervals, with the final film of the trilogy released on May 19, 2005. In 2012, The Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm for $4.05 billion and announced that it would produce three new films, with the first film, Star Wars: The Force Awakens, planned for release in 2015. 20th Century Fox still retains the distribution rights to the first two Star Wars trilogies, owning permanent rights for the original film Episode IV: A New Hope, while holding the rights to Episodes I–III, V, and VI until May 2020.
Reactions to the original trilogy were positive, with the last film being considered the weakest, while the prequel trilogy received a more mixed reaction, with most of the praise being for the final film, according to most review aggregator websites. All six of the main films in the series were also nominated for or won Academy Awards. All of the main films have been box office successes, with the overall box office revenue generated by the Star Wars films (including the theatrical Star Wars: The Clone Wars) totalling $4.38 billion, making it the fifth-highest-grossing film series. The success has also led to multiple re-releases in theaters for the series
Suspect is a 1987 mystery/courtroom film drama starring Cher, Dennis Quaid and Liam Neeson.
Other notable cast members include John Mahoney, Joe Mantegna, Fred Melamed, and Philip Bosco. The film was directed by Peter Yates.
Around Christmas, a United States Supreme Court Justice commits suicide, for which no explanation or context is given. We only see the Justice making a tape recording and then shooting himself. Shortly after the suicide, Elizabeth Quinn's body, a file clerk at the Justice Department, is found floating in the Potomac River, and Carl Wayne Anderson (Liam Neeson), a homeless, deaf-mute Vietnam veteran, is arrested for the crime, based almost entirely on the fact that he was seen sleeping in Quinn's car the night of her murder. Kathleen Riley (Cher) is the beleaguered D.C. public defender assigned to represent Anderson.
The car was abandoned in the desolate K Street parking lot. Anderson, it is eventually revealed, found the car unlocked and was just looking for a warm place to sleep since it was the dead of winter. But since he was homeless, had no alibi, and was also found in possession of Quinn's wallet, he was arrested for her murder.
Riley finds it difficult to communicate with Anderson, a deaf-mute. Over time, she begins to penetrate his hard exterior and he tries to cooperate with her efforts to mount a defense for him.
An agribusiness lobbyist who normally works on Capitol Hill, Eddie Sanger (Dennis Quaid), is approved as a member of the jury by Riley despite his attempt to be excused. Sanger begins investigating the details of the murder himself, eventually teaming up with Riley beyond the observation of the trial's suspicious judge.
Sanger also keeps busy in his work as a lobbyist on Capitol Hill, including his efforts to win passage of a bill by seducing a Congresswoman.
As the investigation by Riley, with unethical assistance from Sanger, intensifies, they begin focusing on Deputy Attorney General Paul Gray (Philip Bosco). Figuring that a key found on the victim's body has something to do with the Justice Department (where Quinn worked), Riley and Sanger break into the file department at the Justice Department late one night and try to find what the key unlocks. They find a file cabinet, which contained trial transcripts from federal cases from 1968 that Quinn was in the process of transcribing.
The trial is conducted by stern federal judge Matthew Helms (John Mahoney). Helms is rumored to be the President's nominee for a seat on the prestigious United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Judge Helms begins to suspect that Riley may be collaborating with Sanger, which would be a disbarrable offense of jury tampering, although he does not have concrete proof.
In a law library, Riley and Sanger narrowly avoid being caught by Judge Helms, who sequesters the jury to avoid any possible further contact between Riley and the juror.
Riley and Sanger suspect that Elizabeth Quinn stumbled onto something and look for any case that might have an impropriety. Fixing a case requires participation from both the prosecutor and the trial judge. Riley and Sanger think they will find evidence that Gray was a prosecutor on a rigged 1968 case, which would be his motive to murder Quinn if she approached Gray about what she found.
Riley goes back to Quinn's car (still impounded where it was found in a government parking lot) and finds an audiotape that the police did not uncover in their half-hearted investigation. The tape is the one made by the Supreme Court Justice who committed suicide. In it, he confesses to conspiring to fix a case in 1968 (with a politically influential defendant) in return for an appointment from the United States District Court to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
Riley assumes the prosecutor on that case was Gray and goes back to the courthouse to retrieve the case book that will confirm this. She is pursued and attacked by an unseen figure. With the help of Sanger (who managed to get away from being sequestered by creating a diversion with a fire alarm), Riley is able to slice the right wrist of her assailant, who then flees unseen.
Gray shows up in the courtroom, to the surprise of Judge Helms. Riley wants the judge to take the stand. An irate Helms says that Riley cannot make him testify. Riley reveals that it was Helms, not Gray, who was the prosecutor in the fixed case of 1968. In exchange for fixing the case, Helms was nominated to the District Court.
Seventeen years later, Quinn inadvertently discovered the case fixing. At the same time, Helms learned he was a likely nominee for the Court of Appeals. Quinn approached the Supreme Court Justice, who responded by committing suicide. When she approached Judge Helms, however, he murdered her. As the judge angrily bangs his gavel during Riley's accusation, his right wrist begins to bleed from where Riley slashed him the night before, confirming his identity as the killer.
Riley ends up reinvigorated in her job and in a relationship with Sanger.
Total Recall is a 1990 American science fiction action film directed by Paul Verhoeven, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Ticotin, Sharon Stone, Michael Ironside, and Ronny Cox. The film is loosely based on the Philip K. Dick story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale". It was written by Ronald Shusett, Dan O'Bannon, Jon Povill, and Gary Goldman, and won a Special Achievement Academy Award for its visual effects. The original score composed by Jerry Goldsmith won the BMI Film Music Award.
The film was one of the most expensive films made at the time of its release, although estimates of its exact production budget vary and it is not certain whether it ever actually held the record. Rambo III, Who Framed Roger Rabbit and Die Hard 2 are considered the most expensive films released within the production period and year of release of Total Recall.
In 2084, Douglas Quaid is an Earthbound construction worker having troubling dreams about Mars and a mysterious woman there. His wife Lori dismisses the dreams and discourages him from thinking about Mars, where the governor, Vilos Cohaagen, is fighting rebels while searching for a rumored alien artifact located in the mines. At "Rekall", a company that provides memory implants of vacation, Quaid opts for a memory trip to Mars as a secret agent. However, during the procedure, before the memory is implanted, Quaid starts revealing previously suppressed memories of actually being a secret agent. The company re-sedates him, wipes his memory of the Rekall visit, and sends him home. On the way home, Quaid is attacked by his construction co-workers and is forced to kill them. He is then attacked in his apartment by Lori who reveals that she was never his wife and that their marriage was all just a false memory implant and she's an agent sent by Cohaagen to monitor him. He is then attacked and pursued by armed thugs led by Lori and Richter, her real husband and Cohaagen's subordinate.
After evading his attackers, Quaid is given a suitcase containing money, gadgets, fake IDs, a disguise and a video recording. The video is an image of Quaid himself, who identifies himself as "Hauser" and explains that he used to work for Cohaagen but learned about the artifact, and underwent the memory wipe to protect himself. "Hauser" instructs Quaid on removing a tracking device, before ordering him to go to Mars and meet "Kuato". Quaid makes his way to Mars and follows clues to Venusville, the colony's red-light district populated by a people mutated as a result of poor radiation shielding. He meets Melina, the woman from his dreams, but she spurns him, believing that Quaid is working for Cohaagen.
Quaid later encounters Edgemar, who claims Quaid has suffered a "schizoid embolism" and is trapped in a fantasy based on the implanted memories. Edgemar warns that Quaid is headed for lunacy and lobotomy if he does not return to reality, then offers Quaid a pill that would waken him from the dream. Quaid however sees Edgemar sweating in fear, and kills him instead of taking the pill. Richter's forces burst into the room and capture Quaid, but Melina rescues him with Quaid killing Lori in the process. The two race back to the Venusville bar and escape into the tunnels with their taxi driver Benny. Unable to locate Quaid, Cohaagen shuts down the ventilation to Venusville, slowly suffocating its citizens. Quaid, Melina, and Benny are taken to a resistance base, and Quaid is introduced to Kuato, a deformed humanoid conjoined to his brother's stomach. Kuato reads Quaid's mind and learns that the artifact is a turbinium reactor that will create a breathable atmosphere for Mars when activated, eliminating Cohaagen's abusive monopoly on breathable air. Cohaagen's forces burst in, led by Benny, and kill most of the resistance, including Kuato, who instructs Quaid to start the reactor.
Quaid and Melina are taken to Cohaagen, who reveals the Quaid persona was a ploy by Hauser to infiltrate the mutants and lead Cohaagen to Kuato, thereby wiping out the resistance. Cohaagen orders Hauser's memory to be re-implanted in Quaid and Melina programmed as Hauser's slave, but Quaid and Melina escape into the mines where the reactor is located. They work their way to the control room of the reactor, killing Benny, Richter, and the rest of his men.
While running away in the reactor, Cohaagen confronts them in the control room with a bomb, but Quaid accidentally sets it off, blowing out one of the walls of the control room and causing an explosive decompression. Quaid grabs on the wall and knocks out Cohaagen, which causes him to land on the surface of Mars. Due to the low atmospheric pressure, his internal fluids boil out, killing him. Quaid manages to activate the reactor before he and Melina are also pulled out. The reactor releases air into the Martian atmosphere, saving Quaid, Melina and the rest of Mars' population. As humans walk onto the surface of the planet in its new atmosphere, Quaid takes a moment to wonder whether he is still living the memory before turning to kiss Melina.
Vertigo is a 1958 American psychological thriller film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock. The story was based on the 1954 novel D'entre les morts by Boileau-Narcejac. The screenplay was written by Alec Coppel and Samuel A. Taylor.
The film stars James Stewart as former police detective John "Scottie" Ferguson. Scottie is forced into early retirement because an incident in the line of duty has caused him to develop acrophobia (an extreme fear of heights) and vertigo (a sensation of false, rotational movement). Scottie is hired by an acquaintance, Gavin Elster, as a private investigator to follow Gavin's wife Madeleine (Kim Novak), who is behaving strangely.
The film was shot on location in San Francisco, California, and at Paramount Studios in Hollywood. It is the first film to utilize the dolly zoom, an in-camera effect that distorts perspective to create disorientation, to convey Scottie's acrophobia. As a result of its use in this film, the effect is often referred to as "the Vertigo effect".
The film received mixed reviews upon initial release, but is now often cited as a classic Hitchcock film and one of the defining works of his career. Attracting significant scholarly criticism, it replaced Citizen Kane as the best film of all time in the 2012 British Film Institute's Sight & Sound critics' poll and has appeared repeatedly in best film polls by the American Film Institute, as well as being named in 2008 as the 40th greatest movie of all time by Empire magazine in its issue of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time. In 1996, Vertigo underwent a major restoration to create a new 70mm print and DTS soundtrack.
West Side Story is a 1961 American romantic musical drama film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. The film is an adaptation of the 1957 Broadway musical of the same name, which in turn was inspired by William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet. It stars Natalie Wood, Richard Beymer, Russ Tamblyn, Rita Moreno, and George Chakiris, and was photographed by Daniel L. Fapp, A.S.C., in Super Panavision 70.
Released on October 18, 1961 through United Artists, the film received high praise from critics and the public, and became the second highest grossing film of the year in the United States. The film was nominated for 11 Academy Awards and won 10, including Best Picture (as well as a special award for Robbins), becoming the record holder for the most wins for a movie musical.
In the West Side's Lincoln Square neighborhood in Manhattan, there is tension between a Caucasian gang, the Jets, led by Riff, and a Puerto Rican gang of immigrants, the Sharks, led by Bernardo. After a brawl erupts ("Prologue"), Lieutenant Schrank and Officer Krupke arrive and break it up. The Jets decide to challenge the Sharks to a rumble at an upcoming dance for neighborhood control.
Riff decides that his best friend Tony, the co-founder of the Jets who left the gang, should fight ("Jet Song"). Riff invites Tony to the dance, but Tony is uninterested. He tells Riff that he senses something important will happen, which Riff suggests could have correlation with the dance ("Something's Coming").
Bernardo's younger sister, Maria, tells her best friend and Bernardo's girlfriend, Anita, how excited she is about the dance. Anita jokes that Maria has only moved to America to marry Chino, and Maria confesses that she doesn't love Chino.
At the dance, the gangs and girls refuse to intermingle ("Dance at the Gym"). Tony arrives and he and Maria fall in love at first sight and briefly kiss. However, Bernardo angrily demands that Tony stay away from her. Riff proposes a meeting with Bernardo at Doc's drug store. Tony leaves the dance alone and wanders the neighborhood streets, lovestruck ("Maria").
Maria is sent home, and Anita argues that Bernardo is overprotective of Maria, and they compare the advantages of Puerto Rico and the United States ("America").
Tony discreetly visits Maria on her fire escape, where they reaffirm their love ("Tonight"). Krupke, who suspects the Jets are planning something, visits them and warns them not to cause trouble, for which the Jets mock him after he leaves ("Gee, Officer Krupke"). When the Sharks arrive, both groups agree to have the showdown the following evening under the highway, with a one-on-one fist fight. When Schrank arrives, the gangs feign friendship. Schrank orders the Sharks out and unsuccessfully tries to divulge information about the fight from the Jets.
The next day at the bridal shop, Maria's friends notice that she is acting strangely, and she explains that she is in love ("I Feel Pretty"). Anita accidentally tells Maria about the rumble while they close shop for the night. Tony arrives to see Maria, which shocks Anita. They profess their love and Anita warns them about the consequences if Bernardo learns of their relationship. Maria makes Tony promise that he'll prevent the rumble. Tony and Maria fantasize about their wedding ceremony ("One Hand, One Heart").
The Jets and Sharks approach the area under the highway ("Quintet"). Tony arrives to stop the fight, but Bernardo antagonizes him. Unwilling to watch Tony be humiliated, Riff initiates a knife fight. Tony tries to intervene, which leads to Bernardo stabbing Riff, killing him. Tony kills Bernardo with Riff's knife and a melee ensues. Police sirens blare and everyone flees, leaving behind the dead bodies of Riff and Bernardo.
Maria waits for Tony on the rooftop of her apartment building, when Chino arrives and tells her about the fight. When she asks if Tony was hurt, Chino angrily shouts that Tony has killed Bernardo, and leaves. Tony arrives and explains what transpired and asks for her forgiveness before he turns himself in to the police. Maria confirms her love for him and asks Tony to stay with her ("Somewhere").
The Jets have reassembled outside a garage, with their new leader, Ice, having them focus on reacting to the police ("Cool"). Anybodys arrives and warns them that Chino is now after Tony, and has a gun. Ice sends the Jets to warn Tony.
Anita enters the apartment while Tony and Maria are in the bedroom. Tony and Maria arrange to meet at Doc's, where they will pick up getaway money to elope. Anita spots Tony leaving through the window and chides Maria for the relationship ("A Boy Like That"), but Maria convinces her to help them elope ("I Have a Love").
Schrank arrives and questions Maria about the rumble. To cover for Tony, Maria sends Anita to Doc's in her stead to tell him that Maria has been delayed from meeting him. When Anita reaches Doc's, the Jets harass her, until Doc intervenes. Shaken and angered, Anita declares that Bernardo was right about them and that Chino has killed Maria in a jealous rage. Disgusted with their behavior, Doc banishes the Jets and delivers Tony his getaway money and Anita's message. Tony runs into the streets, shouting for Chino to find him and kill him as well.
In the playground next to Doc's, Tony spots Maria and they run toward each other, only for Chino to emerge and shoot Tony. The Jets and Sharks arrive to find Maria holding Tony, who dies ("Somewhere (Reprise)"). Maria stops the gangs from fighting and takes the gun from Chino and threatens everyone, blaming their hate for the deaths of Riff, Bernardo, and Tony. Schrank, Krupke, and Doc arrive. When the Jets raise Tony's body, the Sharks rush forward to help them, and together with Maria they form a funeral procession. The police arrest Chino and lead him away ("Finale").